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Stress-relief by means of mechanical vibrations Low frequencies induced mechanical vibration to reduce the residual stresses on electro-welded structures in composite carpentry
Years of experience
Fast treatment
Mean time for a single cycle: 35 min

What is vibrodistension?

The term Vibration Stress Relief (VSR) identifies a metal-physical method of dimensional stabilization of a metal component or structure by means of forced vibrations. In use since the 1960s in the USA, the stress relieving method by means of forced vibrations consists in making the piece vibrate to be stabilized, for a certain period of time, at certain resonant frequencies thanks to a vibrator engine with variable eccentric masses.

When to perform vibration process:

  • For complex structures with intersected weld seams
  • In case of structures that must operate at room temperature
  • In case of structures with medium content of C steels or alloyed steels
  • In case of structures subject to corrosion
  • In case of structures or components that must undergo machining by machine tools

Why is vibration important?

The vibration process is functional to the reduction of the residual stresses that occur in any product that undergoes mechanical processing, welding, chemical or metallurgical processes.

Reducing residual stress means:

  • reduce the risk of distortions following machining operation
  • reduce the risk of delayed stresses
  • reduce the risk of premature fatigue failures

Vibration process... NATURALLY GREEN

the benefit of an environmentally sustainable and low-cost technology
Reduce energy consumption up to 95% compared to the classic annealing system, obviously without sacrificing the quality of the result.
Reduce fuel consumption and therefore harmful emissions into the environment by eliminating the need to transport components to companies equipped with annealing furnace
Reduce the use of spare parts:
by using the stress relief treatment, after a certain period of exercise, it is possible to extend the average life of the component. This means reducing the energy costs necessary for the production of a new component to replace the broken one.
A comparison between the two most-known stress relieving methods


  • Reliable, if correctly applied;
  • it can generate additional stresses that lead to structural variations or dislocations if the procedure is not correctly performed (too rapid cooling; lack of constant temperature monitoring);
  • it can cause surface oxidation phenomena, unless particular measures are implemented such as vacuum treatment or treatment in an inert atmosphere.
Fundamental parameters to keep in mind:
  • thermal energy
  • transport costs (maybe oversized load)
  • handling costs
  • costs for a possible straightening procedure
  • oxidation
  • costs related to machine downtime
  • environmental costs


  • Time: the average intervention times on a single treated component are 1 ÷ 2h
  • Economic: 95% cheaper (elimination of transport, handling, machine downtime, downtime)
Output quality:
  • As good as/better than other technologies
  • Greater fatigue resistance of the treated components
  • Reduces repairs, scrap and rework
Process always under control by the operator
  • Applied when and where it is needed.
  • No weight or size limits.
Additional benefits not to be underestimated:
  • Reduced batches of product
  • shortened LT
  • Reduced processing times
  • Higher quality standards
  • Most competitive price
A little background on the methods used to achieve dimensional stability of carpentry components ...

wooden hammers to neutralize possible deformations of the components.

Open-air exposure using day/night/year temperature cycle.
Fun fact: The method is still used today, despite the high cost of storage: up to two years of immobilization.

The so-called "foundry" method: consisting in the induction of a violent vibration with natural resonance obtained by dropping the component from a crane into a sand box, to prevent the onset of deformations during subsequent machine processing.

Furnace annealing: stress reduction through heat treatment.

If correctly applied, this method stands out for its high reliability.

In case of treatments with procedural errors, such as too rapid cooling or lack of constant temperature control, opposite results can be obtained, generating additional stresses such as structural deformation or dislocations.

Fun fact: it is the procedure that, today, is the best known and most widespread, despite the high cost, both in economic and environmental terms.

Vibratory stress relieving VSR:
It consists in making the piece vibrate for a certain period of time at certain resonance frequencies detected by the analysis system of the central unit; vibration is activated by a motor-vibrator with adjustable variable eccentric masses.

Fun fact: new, but not really brand new; this method of intervention has been in use since the 1960s in US

GALLERY Vibration stress relief